At its heart is the gas-rich Karish field in the eastern Mediterranean, which Israel plans to begin exploiting.
Orna Mizrahi, a senior research fellow at Israel’s Institute for National Security Studies, told reporters on Sunday that the main problem hindering an agreement between the two sides was “a change in the Lebanese stance” on where the maritime border between the two sides is located. Israel and Lebanon are lying.
What is the current Lebanese-Israeli conflict about?
The crux of the dispute is actually about the maritime economic boundary between the two countries and how to calculate the demarcation line stretching from the land border of Lebanon and Israel.
Over the years the disputed territory covered an area of approximately 860 square kilometers and claimed that the Lebanese maritime border was south of Israel’s claim. Beneath these boundary lines, the Karish field lies well within the Israeli-claimed area.
However, according to Mizrahi, Lebanon has recently revised its original maritime boundary claim, moving it further south, adding about 1,400 square kilometers more than originally claimed. The extra area includes part of the Karish field, where Israel is conducting exploration.
Why has this debate flared up now?
On June 5, when London-based oil and gas exploration company Energean arrived on behalf of Israel to begin development of the Karish, Lebanon argued that the field should not be developed until negotiations were concluded to determine the maritime boundary.
Why are these conversations important?
Struggling with a crippled economy and a fragmented government, Lebanon desperately needs new sources of income from oil and gas exploration, while Israel is keen to position itself as a new gas supplier to Europe as an alternative to Russia. Drawing the border would allow both sides to exploit the resources of the Mediterranean without legal obstacles or the potential threat of military conflict.
“Lebanon needs this deal more than Israel does today,” said Lebanese energy expert Laury Haytayan, adding that an agreement would provide Israel with security by allowing it to explore and drill with Lebanon “without the danger of a continued escalation of tensions”.
What is the current status of the talks?
US hits Iran with new sanctions, targets Chinese and UAE companies
The US issued new sanctions on Iran on Thursday, according to the US Treasury Department. The new sanctions have targeted Chinese and UAE companies and a network of Iranian firms that assist in the export of Iranian petrochemical products.
- Background: The US has imposed sanctions on a network of Iranian petrochemical manufacturers, as well as “front companies” in China, the UAE and Iran, saying they are “intermediaries” for the export of Iranian petrochemical products. According to the statement, the network has also engaged in facilitating international transactions and avoiding sanctions. The Chinese and Emirati companies could not be reached by Reuters for comment.
- Why is it important: The steps taken could increase pressure on Iran to revive the 2015 nuclear deal, which would curtail Iran’s nuclear weapons capabilities in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. With the deal nearing completion, negotiations have stalled since March, when the US’s designation of Iran’s elite IRGC as terrorism emerged as a final issue.
Israeli police complete investigation into behavior during Shireen Abu Akleh’s funeral
- Background: Television footage showed officers hitting the mourners with batons, causing the coffin to nearly drop the coffin. At the time, Israeli police told police they were reacting to objects and stones thrown at them. Shabtai said the police were investigating the behavior of the forces on the ground, but blamed the funeral attendees for the way events unfolded: “We have to learn this thoroughly. [the lessons from] So that in the future such sensitive events will not be disturbed and respected by violent rebels.”
- why is it important: After the parade, Israeli police came under harsh criticism, the White House described the footage as “disturbing”, and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said he was “deeply disturbed by the footage of Israeli police intruding on the funeral.”
‘Jamal Khashoggi Way’ sign unveiled in front of Saudi embassy in Washington DC
- Background: Last year, US intelligence reports revealed that Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) “approved the operation to capture or kill Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey,” which MBS denied.
- why is it important: The opening of “Jamal Khashoggi Road” came a month before Biden’s visit to Saudi Arabia, where he wanted to meet with MBS. Gezi drew criticism from members of his party and human rights defenders over the kingdom’s human rights record and the murder of the journalist.
around the area
The artifacts were statues of Egyptian pharaohs, including Amenhotep III and Amun-Ra, as well as the ancient Egyptian god Horus. Among them was a stone wall painting.
Theft and smuggling of antiquities increased in Egypt following the 2011 uprising, which saw relics stolen from museums as well as through illegal excavations. The North African nation is moving forward with its efforts to find and retrieve its stolen treasures.