In addition to dealing with the coronavirus pandemic and the outbreak of monkeypox, the World Health Organization is closely monitoring the baffling spread of hepatitis C in children, which has left dozens in need of life-saving liver transplants, a United Nations report says.
According to a new update from the UN agency, 35 countries in five regions of the world have reported more than 1,010 probable cases of unexplained acute hepatitis in children since the outbreak was first detected on April 5.
According to the report, so far, 22 children have died, and almost half of the possible cases have been reported in Europe, where 21 countries have recorded a total of 484 cases, and this includes 272 cases in the United Kingdom – 27 per cent of the global total – followed by the Americas, which total injuries It has 435 cases (334 in the United States), which is a third of all cases worldwide.
The report added the second largest number of cases recorded in the Western Pacific (70 cases), Southeast Asia (19 cases) and the Eastern Mediterranean (two cases).
The UN agency said 17 countries have reported more than five probable cases, but the actual number of cases may be an underestimate, in part due to the limited improved surveillance systems in place.
On the symptoms of this inflammation, the report said, “Out of the 100 possible cases for which clinical data was available, the most common symptoms reported were nausea or vomiting (in 60% of cases), jaundice (53%), and general weakness (52 in percent) and abdominal pain (50 percent) and the median time between symptom onset and hospitalization was four days.
In laboratory tests, the international organization said that hepatitis A to E was not present in infected children, noting that other pathogens such as the Corona virus were discovered in a number of cases, but the data is incomplete.
To promote a better understanding of where the outbreak occurred, the World Health Organization has launched a global online survey, which will also help compare current cases with data from the past five years, the report noted.
The organization shared a voluntary survey, across nine global and regional networks, of pediatric hepatologists specializing in problems related to the liver and other organs, along with other specialist physicians working in key national units, and requested aggregated data as part of the disease investigation.