Health and Medicine

Learn about the glucose challenge test to detect gestational diabetes

A glucose challenge test, also known as a one-hour glucose tolerance test, measures the body’s response to sugar, and a glucose challenge test is performed during pregnancy to detect diabetes that develops during pregnancy, according to the website. WebMD

If a pregnant woman is at average risk of developing gestational diabetes, screening will likely take place during the second trimester — between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. Your health care provider may recommend screening as early as the first prenatal visit. Risk factors include the following:

  • lack of physical activity
  • Gestational diabetes in early pregnancy.
  • Having a medical condition associated with the development of diabetes, such as metabolic syndrome or polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Diabetes in a blood relative.

Gestational diabetes can lead to pregnancy complications such as a serious condition that causes high blood pressure and other symptoms that can be life-threatening to both the mother and the baby (preeclampsia), and gestational diabetes can also increase the risk of having a baby with a high birth weight — which may It increases the risk of birth injuries or leads to a cesarean delivery.

If gestational diabetes is diagnosed, complications can be prevented by carefully controlling the blood sugar level throughout the remainder of the pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists also recommends that women with gestational diabetes undergo a glucose tolerance test for two hours from 4 to 12 weeks after Childbirth. This test screens for type 2 diabetes, and women with gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

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